Unfortunately, the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases and infections is much higher these days, and many people are at risk for these diseases.
A Doctor specialist in infectious diseases, explains:
What is the definition of sexually transmitted diseases?
Sexually transmitted diseases are caused by sexually transmitted infections that are contagious and are transmitted mainly through sexual intercourse with an infected person. Of course, these infections are common in most countries, and our country is no exception to this rule, but we do not have alarming statistics.
It should be noted that defects in the diagnosis and treatment of most of these diseases in the early stages may lead to serious complications and problems such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy, infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes, gynecological cancers, congenital malformations of infants, intrauterine mortality or They cause infancy and chronic abdominal pain, but most of them can be treated if diagnosed early.
Are sexually transmitted diseases more common in women?
Yes, the environment of the female reproductive system is such that women are more likely to get genital infections than men, and these infections cause more problems for women, but men may also suffer from infertility, long-term pain and dangerous diseases due to genital infections. AIDS, hepatitis and 2).
What are the symptoms of these diseases?
One of the most important symptoms of sexually transmitted infections is abnormal sores and discharge, and most women with these conditions see a doctor for abdominal pain, painful intercourse, vaginal discharge, prolonged bleeding, burning, painful menstruation, fever and sometimes Complain of nausea, vomiting, and bleeding at or near menstrual intervals, the presence of purulent discharge, and the wound or fragility of the cervix and genital sores.
Gonorrhea is the most common disease caused by sexual relations. What are the symptoms of this disease in women and how is it transmitted?
Gonorrhea is an infectious disease that can be treated and transmitted through sexual contact. Bacteria that cause gonorrhea can infect the genitals, mouth and rectum in both sexes.
Women are often asymptomatic, but increased vaginal discharge, burning when urinating, and irregular menstrual bleeding can also be symptoms. In either case, the affected person’s genitals and cervix become infected. I must emphasize here that not all sexually transmitted infections are asymptomatic. For this reason, it is necessary to seek help from an examination or test for an accurate diagnosis. However, the disease is transmitted through oral, vaginal, anal communication, as well as through an infected mother to her child during pregnancy.
Can you explain about syphilis, which is a sexually transmitted disease?
Syphilis is transmitted from a person infected to a healthy person by direct contact with a wound. Oral, vaginal, anal, or touching of infected areas is one of the ways that the disease is transmitted and the symptoms appear after 2 to 4 weeks after the onset of severe round pain and pain in the infected area and like gonorrhea, anti-inflammatory treatment. It has biotics. Of course, chlamydia is also treated using the same method.
Is chlamydia one of these diseases?
Yes. Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infections and causes cervical infections in women. If this disease is not treated in time, it can cause serious problems for the person. Signs and symptoms often appear between one and three weeks after the onset of a slight increase in uterine discharge (caused by inflammation of the cervix), lower abdominal pain, pain during intercourse, and even painful burning and swelling of the eyes, but There may be no symptoms for a long time.
All of these diseases that you mentioned can be treated. Is there an incurable sexually transmitted disease?
Genital herpes is one of the most important of these diseases and is a viral infection of the genital area that is transmitted through sexual intercourse. Genital herpes cannot be cured at this time, but treatment can alleviate the symptoms and prevent recurrence. Oral antiviral drugs are often prescribed to treat the first attack of genital herpes infection and recurrence of the infection, and in some patients these drugs may also be used for prevention.
Of course, topical ointments of these antiviral drugs are also available, but they are not as effective as oral. Painful blisters and open sores, preceded by itching, burning, or irritation in the genital area, are symptoms of the disease. When there are no symptoms, the virus goes dormant, and when the virus reactivates, the symptoms return, but the return of symptoms does not mean a new infection. On the other hand, blisters may spread into the genital tract to the cervix as well as the urethra. After a few days, the blisters burst and leave shallow, painful sores that last for one to three weeks, but the virus stays in the body forever.
Is genital warts similar to incurable genital herpes?
Many people in the community think so, but the virus that causes the disease (genital warts) causes genital warts. Initially, genital warts are small, hard, and painless and may be in the vaginal area. They may also form around the anus, and if left untreated in the early stages, they may enlarge and become glaucoma and fleshy, but the importance of these warts is that some of them may increase the risk of cervical or other genital cancers. Increase. They can be treated with an ointment applied to the lesion. Of course, there are other treatments, such as freezing it with a very cold object performed by a doctor. Surgery to remove large warts may also be needed.
How can sexually transmitted diseases be prevented?
Observance of ethical and hygienic principles in sexual relations and not having high-risk sexual behaviors, fidelity to spouse and having responsible sexual behavior, self-control and avoiding sexual intercourse with multiple sexual partners, condom use, genital washing, urination after sexual intercourse, washing And choosing the right underwear is one of the ways to prevent these diseases.